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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 3-6

Prevalence, location along the spine and demographic distribution of vertebral hemangiomas in southern India: An magnetic resonance imaging-based cross-sectional study of 624 subjects

BMH Spine Centre, Baby Memorial Hospital, Kozhikode, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Suresh S Pillai
SR. Consultant Spine Surgeon, Baby Memorial Hospital, Calicut, Kerala
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/joasis.joasis_16_21

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Purpose: Vertebral hemangiomas (VHs) are the most common benign tumors of the spine. The aim of this study is to find the prevalence of VHs in the general population and its distribution along the vertebral column. Materials and Methods: The presence of VHs was assessed in the full spine magnetic resonance imaging of 624 participants. Demographic data were obtained from the patient's medical records. Results: VHs were present in 14.4% of the total study population. Multiple VHs were present in 2.2% of the study group and 15.5% of the participantswith VHs. The prevalence of VHs was sex independent with similar occurrence among males and females. The prevalence was age dependent with maximum appearing in the 40–59 age cohort. Lumbar vertebrae were found to be the most prone vertebrae for the occurrence of VHs. Conclusions: The prevalence of VHs is age dependent and sex independent. The lumbar region is the most common site of occurrence of VHs. The overall incidence of VHs is much higher than previously reported, probably due to the newer advancements in imaging techniques.

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