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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 11-14

Spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma presenting with paraparesis: A case report and review of literature

1 Department of Spine Surgery, Baby Memorial Hospital, Kozhikode, Kerala, India
2 Department of Orthopaedics, Baby Memorial Hospital, Kozhikode, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Amalraj P Nair
Thazhathidathil House, Ayanikkad Post, Kozhikode - 673 521, Kerala
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/joasis.joasis_9_20

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Spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma (SSEH) is a rare and devastating clinical entity. The incidence is considered to be 1 in million/year. SSEH manifests due to accumulation of blood in the epidural space causing compression of the spinal cord and leading to acute neurological deficit. Although it is a rare condition, it must be considered in nontraumatic patients with sudden onset of neurological deficit. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) serves as the modality of choice in diagnosing spinal epidural hematoma. Decompressive laminectomy and hematoma evacuation is considered as the mainstay of treatment, although conservative treatment can be tried in limited cases. Here, we present the case of a 48-year-old male who presented with progressive neurologic deficit. MRI revealed spinal epidural hematoma at T10-L4 level with cord compression which was promptly evacuated. Functional recovery was achieved after the surgical intervention.

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